THE GLORIOUS CAPITAL CITY – MAHODAYAPURAM
The Capital Mahodayapuram/Kodungallur where these brass/copper plates were told given
All the above and similar grants were supposedly given in the capital city/headquarters of the Chera/Kṣīra Kings- Mahodayapuram which is after British intervention of retrofitting Indian history called Kodungallur. The date of building of this city and its existence is so crucial to the History of India that British make sure that the name of this city is completely erased from the memory of all Indians, Commoners and Historians alike. The adjustment of the Copper Plate grant dates moving from 379 AD to 1069 AD is a major step in this long list of “historical adjustments following tradition set by the Church and British” and retrofitting of Indian history to the church ordained Indian time line of 2000 BC. Why all groups be it Christian or Muslim claim that the King with or without his nephew converted to their religion and gave his capital city for them with or without the main temple in that city minus deity? What is this temple? What is this capital? How everyone either for trade or for learning for thousands of years reached straight to this capital city only via sea routes? Why Vasco da Gama also shot straight to this capital only? Why the existence of this Capital city or the temple that was so crucial for all groups across the world not mentioned in Sangam literature? Or was it mentioned but selectively deleted or edited by British or their created regional linguistic spiritual movements to prove the antiquity of the defunct theory of Aryan-Dravidian conflict or ancientness of Dravidian culture or language?
The capital city in question was called Mahodayapuram in all inscriptions until 1524 when it was sacked completely and then moved to Padmanābhapuram and later to Thiruvananthapuram. There are many surprising facts about this city.
First and foremost was that this city was built by Emperor Lalitāditya with a huge learning center mirroring Śāradā Sarvajna Pītha of Kaśmir along with a replica of Mārtānda Temple and an unparalleled solar and lunar Astronomical Observatory. He is the one who united almost whole of the existing world today under one name – the “Kaśmira Mahā Sāmrājya” or “Bharata Varṣa” around some time in past. The word Bharata means “ bharaṇa pōṣana kartā “ Lalitāditya became “Bharata” because of his ability to unite and take care of the then whole existing world which was in deep distress of loss of annihilation after ice age. The one prior to Lalitāditya to get the title of Bharata was Emperor Sarvadamana, the son of Shakuntala and Dushyanta who also like Lalitaditya united all land and people then in to one single empire. “Bharatāt Bhāratam” because of Bharata it is called Bhāratham and hence “Bhārata Varṣa”. Millions of years before Emperor Sarvadamana there was another Bharata Varsa of a different Manvantara which was extinct even before the reign of Emperor Bharata (Sarvadamana) himself.
Lalitaditya built a temple for their family or royal deity Kṣīra Bhavāni a representation of Saraswati so unique that she represents both aspects of knowledge and the martial abilities to protect the knowledge. She is the only goddess in the entire known literature depicted having a snake around her waist or over her shoulder indicating a seamless merger of male and female principles of creation. As Kaśmir is called Surya Kṣetra, sometimes she is represented as Sun encircled with snake indicating she was the Guardian Goddess of Sun and Kaśmir. Her legendary temple was supposed to be somewhere in Kāra Koram or Kāra Kota(Kārkota) Ranges of the mountains in Kaśmir/Tibet but now untraceable for whatever reasons and a replica was built near today Srinagar. It is from this Kṣīra the derivative of Chera comes as these kings were appointed to take care of southern Expanse of Emperor Lalitaditya, its capital Mahodayapuram and its observatory. This temple is supposed to have 64 gates indicating 64 knowledge sources and 64 guarding kings were appointed to protect them. As within these 64 knowledge sources the 4 fold purushārthas of the Vedic life (dharma artha kāma and moksha) are learned, understood, experienced, realized and lived, the deity is also called the giver of Arthas or ARTHA (T)HALLI or Arathāli. It is this temple in question that was supposed to be abandoned and given to various visitors once the surviving Chera Kings converted in to visitors’ religion minus deity.
When this magnificent city was built is a question of debate and we see that later.
Just like the tradition of the Europeans to call all names they come in to contact according to their linguistic abilities of pronunciation called Romanization or Anglicization or Greekization, Romans called this city as Muziris a corrupt form for Mishras-name of ancient anglicized Egypt. Romans thought it was an extension of Egyptian Empire. A section of this destroyed city is now called Cochin.
Why this city was totally and completely destroyed, burned and razed to the ground by Portuguese reminding the similar destruction of many civilizations across South America and North America or the destruction of Aditya Temple of Multan (Mula Sthāna) or Mārtāṇda Temple in Ananta Nag. And why every Jew to the last man in this city fought with Portuguese to save this city?
This fabulous city of learning along with the Observatory was one such Southern Learning Centers established by Lalitāditya with the aid of Śankara who was his contemporary. This city was connected with all sea routes to Persian, African and American Ports of those time from which the trade and movement of people for learning flowed. One important fact we need to remember now is that in those days there was no Suez / Panama Canal dug, so the only way the Romans could have reached this City was through the Egyptian southern ports or Persian Port of Bandar Abbas (What this was called prior to Islam is a matter of research) and/ or travelling along the coast of Africa circling it and from Madagascar straight head to Mahodayapuram.
But why Romans did take the Egyptian sea route when they have a land route connecting to the Main Learning Center in Kaśmir via current day Turkey, Iran and Iraq? In fact Roman traders and students travelled through this land route only until the access was blocked by the Persian Empire. The Hejaz or current Arabia was a buffer zone between Roman Empire and Persian Empire. To have direct route to Mahodayapuram, a southern center of learning, Romans took over Egypt and reestablished the trade route via sea (See the Map) in their name which was in fact used by Egyptians and Somalis for thousands of year before. When Egypt was over ran by Arabs and then by Ottomans the entire Europe plunged in to dark ages until Vasco da Gama opened the coast line sea route circling Africa and then via Madagascar to the same Mahodayapuram.
Mahodayapuram was built by Emperor Lalitāditya including the replica of Mārtāṇda Temple along with a massive solar observatory and a center of learning for all sciences and arts. The temple has 64 gates extending the perimeter to the southern Tip of Kanyakumari. Each gate was protected by a king and the Chera kings were in charge of these 64 kings. Until 5th century BC, they were called the Over Lords of the area between Himalayas and Kumari. There was no Aryan Dravidian conflict except that post Lalitāditya over a period of thousands of years these 64 principle guardians of this massive southern learning center at various times declared independence and ruled over parts of his empire, which was the Kaśmir Empire or Bharata Varṣa. Sometimes fighting among themselves yet preserving the center of learning and temple complex. Such massive Sun temple complexes were built by Lalitāditya all across his empire. Over a period of time, with the communication and transport relations broken due to various factors, these representatives though retained the basic principles of the empire that is Sun Worship, became known as various empires and over ran each other yet preserved the basic tenets of the rule of royalty established by Lalitāditya. This gave birth to the theory that there was sun worship among worldwide royal houses. French Kings till Louis 16 or 17 are also called Sun Kings. Yet all these small kingdoms/empires, their traders, subjects, scientists, scholars and philosophers looked towards the main north east and northwest learning centers established and travelled to fulfil their ambitions in terms of prosperity or spiritual crisis. Thus we have the historical versions of Jesus, Moses, Parsis and Jews travelling to Kaśmir either to avoid persecutions or to gain knowledge. In the same way the saints, traders and commoners at the fringes of Roman, Egyptian empires belonging to all faiths moved to Mahodayapuram/ Kaśmir for the same purposes. Jewish philosophers, traders and scientists living in Egypt, Rome or Persia travelled to either Kaśmir or Mahodayapuram for constantly updating their life experiences and knowledge.
In this regard the trading privileges were given to Jewish, Christian or even Arabs or to their later converts Muslims to live in this capital region. There are historical records and now the archeological findings are throwing light on all these facts that traders offered gifts, coinage to the primary temples and learning centers. The coinage excavated in either current Kodungallur or ancient Mahodayapuram are silent proofs of these relationships with not only Romans, but thousands of year before Romans, with Egyptians too.
For the British bent on retrofitting Indian eternal history in the light of around 5000 years Christian doctrine, the very works of Lalitāditya stood in the way. They have to destroy all the records on Kaśmir as Empire and as Bharata Varsa and Lalitāditya. In present independent India none, historians or commoners, alike do not know who Lalitāditya was which stands as an example on how strategically the British have worked to erase the glorious history of ancient India. Only Amar Chitra Katha had published a story on him for kids. Every fact about this great emperor who ruled almost 10 times the size of Mongols or 25 times the area than said to have conquered by Alexander were effectively wiped out of Indian mind.
It is here the historical retrofitting of the dates of Lalitāditya’s life and death under the concept of ‘Historical tradition’ was executed. Both Lalitāditya and Śankara were dated to 700 AD. And all Śankara Mutts that survived under the deal with British parroted the same timeline. The Śāradā Sarvajna Pītha or the Universal Center of Learning was relocated from Kaśmir to Śṛngeri. Once this time line was changed it became a debated contest from contemporary historians about the very existence of Lalitāditya or Śankara as during 700 AD there was no emperor or Spiritual leader of that stature ever existed in the records of other kingdoms of that time. All the four learning centers set up by Lalitāditya under the guidance of Śankara were either submerged under the sea as happened in case of Dwārakāpuri or Puruṣottamapuri or completely destroyed as happened in case of Kashmir or Mahodayapuram. The current four centers seems to have been popularized as original and the role of Śankara was confined to a narrow parochial sect within the confines of Śaivgamas. The Kanchi Mutt was specifically set up to replace Mahodayapuram while Śṛngeri Mutt was set up to replace the Śāradā Sarvajna Pītha of Kaśmir. A most ridiculous story was propagated and parroted that Śankara had visualized the destruction of the Śāradā Sarvajna Pītha in the hands of the Arabs and thus brought the image of Śāradā on a cloth and the same was placed in Śṛngeri. But according to legend there was no image of Śāradā in the Śāradā Sarvajna Pītha except a stone plank in the sanctum Sanctorum underneath which the Madhumatī River originated. This river is also called as Neelum River and the whole Sarvajna Pītha is today in western side of the occupied Kaśmir.
In these learning centers most of the scientific, cultural, social and spiritual texts were kept as a repository. For British to retrofit Indian history, it became imperative to destroy all of them. But the problem was not with written texts which could be destroyed or taken away. The problem was with stone inscriptions that cannot be destroyed easily. This destruction had to be done in such a way that the population will not revolt against them. The second problem was the main center of learning that is Kaśmir where these texts were maintained and were also kept in family repositories who were not willing to share or give away anything but allowed others only to see and read. The more pressing issue for the British was to create a buffer state so that either the Russians or French or Germans will not approach via India land routes, as part of their series of Great Game. This needed Islamic Khanites as buffer. A brilliant strategy was worked out.
In Kaśmir, the main center of learning, most of the destruction was carried out by British or their vassal princes they created, who looted and plundered almost all the wealth and shared the trinkets with British and rest was sold to the highest bidder. In Kaśmir the Dogra kings did the job for British starting with looting Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s treasury. The oppression of these princely states reached horrendous proportions when it came to other faiths as already they were conditioned that the destruction of India was done only by the Arabs/Muslims. This served one core purpose for the British. They were able to psychologically and mentally condition the Indians that they are the losers and cannot resist Arab or Muslim invasions and needed superior British help to preserve their culture or heritage. In south where no such Arabs exist, a new twist was created where in it was stated that local kings themselves destroyed everything for their godly belief. And this was necessary as it represented a Dravidian revival over an imposed non-existent Aryan invasion. British very well knew there was no Aryan invasion. If the entire currently defined India from Kumari to Himalayas was ruled by Chera/Ksheera Kings then who is an Aryan or who is a Dravidian. Also What British deliberately failed to mention was the Islam as a political force ended during the Peśwa rule around 1740 and the whole country was united under Peśwas. British not only created a history of non-existent invaders but erased actual true historical events. They hated the Peśwa rule as they could not over run them for long time.
There was another major problem for the British from Kaśmir for their divide and rule strategy. The first divide and rule that was executed once the Hindoo or Hindu ‘religion’ was created was the division on the basis of non-existing Hindu and Buddhist rivalry. Almost all prominent Vishnu temples built in Kaśmir or anywhere in Bharata Varṣa had Buddha idols inside identifying him as an incarnation of Vishnu. This means the entire oriental countries were then resembling the ‘Indian’ cultural practices, whatever name they called it at that time. As the main purpose of British in retrofitting time lines of ‘India’ was not to allow ‘Indians’ to get back to their roots for quite long period even post exit of British, such anomaly of Buddha worshipped on par with Vishnu as incarnation may set few inquisitive minds on the path of truth search. So most of the Vishnu temples in Kaśmir were destroyed or relocated citing Jhelum river floods. Following the British we are also now relocating temples for dam and road constructions. This also served the purpose of saying that Kaśmir is the seat of Kaśmiri form of Shaivism and has nothing to do with anything of the religion of India that was now officially Hinduism. We have to remember that relocation is another euphemism in destroying the ancient structures and selling their contents in international markets for terrific profits. Where such relocation was not possible another bizarre hypothesis was floated stating that Buddhism predates Hinduism and these structures were Buddhist Viharas, later converted into Hindu temples by zealots sowing another future seed for religious struggle. In the same lines the Mahodayapuram Arathali temple also was cited as a Buddhist Vihara converted in to temple and later given to Muslim/Christians by native kings.
All links of Kaśmir with her southern Chera empire had to be severed. Everything in Kaśmir that was of value must be severed, destroyed and all memories of empire has to be removed if the retrofitted history of Aryan Dravidian invasion has to take roots. But there were two problems in doing this. First, massive stone structures, sun temples, solar observatories and other religious centers with inscriptions. Second, the documents of these structures as recorded by Kalhaṇa and his “Raja Tarangini”. Stone structures, inscriptions and others were destroyed by British and their vassals and the blame was thrown on 7th century Arabs citing Chachnama or Tribal Tamil Kings citing Sangam Literature. All artifacts thus looted were sold in London Museums and auction houses. What could not be destroyed were moved in to Archeological Museums under British appointed vassal kings, from where even today the artifacts are smuggled out and sold to the highest bidder. Kaśmir which was the center of universal learning was reduced to narrow Parochial seat of Kaśmiri form of Shaivism and Kaśmiri society was split in two opposing religious faiths with one being funded by international fanatics zealots created by British and another held on to clueless Government of India ruled either by Secularists or Nationalists. The internecine struggle of these opposing groups destroyed what the British could not destroy in Kaśmir or Kerala.